Cataline used to pack for the Hudson’s Bay Company, and correspondence from that time showed he frustrated the straight-laced Company’s men with his unique and somewhat casual approach to business and financial matters.
I also picked up a few pen and ink printed greeting cards depicting local (Quesnel and Barkerville, BC) historical events and people. I love this little card that depicts Cataline:
There is an anecdote inside:
And the back of the card says “The Barkerville Trail HastiNotes” which were printed by Spartan Printing, Quesnel:
Whenever I’m doing a research project or research for a book or article, I always scour local stores or online sites like eBay for related ephemera. It makes the past so much more real and alive.
In the book “Cataline: The Life of BC’s Legendary Packer” I used a portion of packer Frank Sylvester’s journal to illustrate how the packers and their animals moved through the day and how they used already existing trails. As Jean “Cataline” Caux left no journals, we look to others who trod in the same paths as he to increase our understanding of the packer’s life. We are fortunate to have this account from Sylvester, who at that time had a shop in Lillooet.
So in the early part of the year, I purchased a new stock of goods, went in with Snyder & Linny in their pack train, and started for Fort Alexander [Alexandria], at that time the head of mule navigation on the Fraser. I left Lillooet on March 12 and we were the second train of the year to leave.… Our train consisted of 42 mules, none carrying less than 300 pounds [136 kilograms], and a few as high as 400 pounds [181 kilograms].… The rule of pack trains wastwo men to every ten mules, and we had consequently eight Mexicans as packers, besides the Indian who rode ahead and led the bell mare.… These animals come for two purposes: while travelling, [the bell mare carries] the precious “kitchen,” usually two boxes containing all the camp silver-ware, namely the tin cups, tin plates and iron spoons. We had no knives and forks as forks were not needed… as the menu consisted daily of bacon & beans.… All the men of the train rode mules or horses, but we had about 20 miners who were going north with us who walked the entire way, although we packed their blankets, etc., on top of one pack, free. When we left Lillooet, the Fraser was still frozen over solid, and we crossed the river on the ice with the loaded train. We left in the early morning but only went as far as the Fountain. (Frank Sylvester, address to the Board of Trade in Victoria circa 1907-1908 quoted in Lloyd Jeck, British Columbia Trails Heading North (Clearwater, BC: Maieck Publishing, 2011) 170-78). For more information on Frank Sylvester, the University of Victoria Archives is a repository for the family papers.
After they left Fountain, they went around Pavilion Mountain, then through Marble Canyon (where Cataline sometimes wintered his horses), to Hat Creek, then to the Bonaparte river and finally headed north on his way to Alexandria.
My friend and fellow author Nancy Marguerite Anderson has an excellent blog where she writes about “the people who worked in the Territory West of the Rocky Mountains before 1858.” In a well-researched blog post on he examines Frank Sylvester’s journey to determine whether the packers were accurate when they say they used the Hudson’s Bay Company Brigade trails. It’s definitely worth a read to see where we know the trails overlapped and where we don’t.
A big part of researching a book for me is getting out into the world of the person or people I’m writing about. Jean ‘Cataline’ Caux travelled on many trails through his long and interesting life, many of which were made long ago and used by the Indigenous people in the different locales that the pack trains later worked. In my own travels on the backroads of British Columbia, I’ve been lucky enough to see and experience the beautiful surroundings and the historic landscapes that surround us and which gave so much inspiration to me with the Cataline book.
When I’m out exploring the backroads and the history of British Columbia, I try and take some photos that will reflect the feelings that I get when I’m immersed in the beauty of our surroundings. Here are a few that I particularly like and I hope you will like them, too.
Cataline would have spent time in all of these places as he travelled around the province. Irene Bjerky, whose research gave such a basis to the family background of Jean ‘Cataline’ Caux, and who wrote such a lovely introduction to the book, has compiled lots of information about Cataline’s travel routes on her ‘Packtrails‘ website and I urge you to check it out.
To purchase ‘Cataline: The Life of BC’s Legendary Packer’ go to Caitlin Press’s website, or buy it from your favourite bookseller.
Sylvie Pelltier of Red Letter Films did a documentary on Cataline a few years ago. It’s a delight to watch, and has has a terrific interview with Irene Bjerky who wrote the introduction to the book “Cataline: The Life of BC’s Legendary Packer” and whose research contributed so much to the background and depth of the book.
If you’d like to check out the documentary “The Legend of Cataline,” here it is:
It is also available in French:
To order a copy of the book, visit Caitlin Press or get it from your favourite local bookstore.
Jean Caux, Cataline. Famed mule-train packer of British Columbia. Image A-02038 courtesy of Royal BC Museum, BC Archives
From his early days in British Columbia during the Fraser Gold Rush of 1858, to his more than 50 years as a packer, to his final days in Hazelton, Cataline was a memorable figure.
Jean-Jacques Caux—Cataline—was born in about 1835 in Bearn, Southern France. He came to British Columbia to work in the gold rush but soon found that transporting goods for the miners was more lucrative that being a miner himself. Because of his occupation as a mule train packer, he was constantly on the move throughout the province.
Through his eyes we see events such as Fraser River Gold Rush of 1858, the Cariboo Gold Rush of 1862, Canada’s Confederation in 1867, BC joining Canada in 1871, the coming of the railway to Ashcroft in 1886 and the Grand Trunk Pacific to Hazelton in 1912.
Not only did he witness and participate in many of the historical events that shaped our province, he was a unique and memorable character in his own right. He knew such personalities as Judge Matthew Baillie Begbie, the famed anthropologist James Teit, and well-known basketmaker Amelia Paul (later York), the daughter of Chief Kowpelst (Telxkn) of the Nlaka’pamux people of Spuzzum with whom he had two children.
Cataline’s way of life that has gone for ever. But the legend and life of the man has been remembered in the words of his friends, his family and those who chronicled his times. British Columbia will not see another like him.
I am thrilled that my co-author of this book is Irene Bjerky.
Irene Bjerky, C’eyxkn, has been interested in Jean Caux (Cataline) for a long time, while researching her genealogical connection to him. Irene is a member of the Yale First Nation and her great-great-grandmother was Amelia York, C’eyxkn, a well-known basketmaker and mother to two of Cataline’s children. Irene is a boilermaker, a former commercial fisher, and is interested in her family’s and community’s history. She makes her home in Yale, British Columbia.
Buy the book
You can order the book directly from the Caitlin Press, or from your local independent bookstore.
If you are in Canada, you can order it from Amazon here.